Posted by: mholford in Unpublished inquisitions 5 years, 11 months ago
This inquisition into the Surrey lands of Sir Thomas de Camoys ought to have appeared in CIPM xxi alongside IPMs 749-53, which dealt with his lands in five other counties. It was presumably overlooked because it exists only as an Exchequer copy. However there must have been a Chancery version as the IPM was triggered by a Chancery writ of diem clausit extremum; the IPM itself says so, and the record of the issue of the writ can be found in the Fine Rolls, alongside the writs for Camoys' other IPMs (CFR 1413-22, p. 377).
Posted by: mholford in Featured inquisition 5 years, 11 months ago
Year Books are late-medieval collections of law reports, dating from the 13th century to 1535. They are a treasure trove for legal historians, providing valuable insights into the development of English law in the late medieval period. They are often disappointing for historians from other disciplines, however, as they seldom identify the individuals or places involved the cases they report, instead describing them generically: ‘an heir', ‘a widow', ‘John T, lord of a manor‘. This reflects their purpose; they were produced to record the legal principles established by the cases and included background facts only so far as necessary to understand those principles.[1. J.H. Baker, An Introduction to English Legal History, 3rd edn (London, 1990), 204-7. For a detailed description, K. Topulos, ‘A common lawyer's bookshelf recreated: an annotated bibliography of a collection of sixteenth-century English law books', 84 Law Library Journal (1992), 641-86.] Yet IPMs can sometimes be used to identify the individuals and properties mentioned in these anonymous Year Book reports. This is one such case, the report of a 1424 hearing in the Exchequer Chamber which can be greatly amplified by reference to two Proofs of Age, CIPM xxii.356 and 365, and nine other IPMs.[2. CIPM xii.134 and 339; xx.675-9; xxii.21-2.]
Posted by: mholford in Unpublished inquisitions 5 years, 12 months ago
This March 1420 IPM into the Devon lands of John Keynes, senior, has not been calendared. It has an entry in CIPM xxi, numbered 327, but that consists of just a few disconnected phrases, followed by the statement ‘mostly illegible'. Both the Chancery and Exchequer copies of the IPM are indeed illegible in parts, but fortunately mostly in different parts, so between them, and with the use of an ultra-violet lamp, it has been possible to work out almost the entire text.
Posted by: mholford in Unpublished inquisitions 6 years ago
The IPM into the Cornish lands of Sir John Colshull has been calendared as CIPM xxi.121, but incompletely. The calendar text has a number of gaps and the last third of the IPM has been reduced to just a few disconnected phrases, followed by the statement ‘remainder mostly illegible'. Both the Chancery and Exchequer copies of the IPM are indeed difficult in parts, but between them, and with the use of an ultra-violet lamp, it has been possible to work out the entire text. It was also found that the calendar entry's first paragraph did not accurately represent the original text, so the entire entry is reproduced below with the first paragraph corrected, the gaps filled and the final third inserted. For convenience passages which in CIPM xxi.121 are represented by cross-references to identical passages in Colshull's Devon IPM (xxi.120) are here set out in extenso.
Posted by: mholford in Featured inquisition 6 years ago